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COMPARATIVE

Comparative and superlative - fox and snail

Comparative forms are used to describe a relation between elements. There are different kinds of comparative forms.

 

COMPARATIVE OF EQUALITY

As the title itself says, comparative of equality is used to say that something or person is equal or not.

A structure of this type of comparative is very simple. Observe:

as + adjective + as
iPhone is as good as a Smartphone

 

not as + adjective+ as
iPhone is not as good as a Smartphone

 

COMPARATIVE OF INFERIORITY

The comparative of inferiority is used to say that someone or something is less than another. To make this comparative, use the following structure:

less + adjective + than

English is less difficult than Spanish

Watching television is less interesting than reading a book

 

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

The Comparative of Superiority, as the name itself says, means that you are making a comparison and saying that someone or something is superior to another.

In both comparative of equality and inferiority, the rule is the same, there are no exceptions. However, in the comparative of superiority it is necessary to observe some rules.

adjective + er + than

This car is faster than that one

I’m older than you

Obama is humbler than Donald Trump

 

Short one-syllable adjectives: +er

fast-faster  /  old-older

Short adjectives ending in e: +r

nice-nicer  /  strange-stranger

Short adjectives ending in one vowel + one consonant: double the consonant +er

fat-fatter  /  thin-thinner    *** don’t double w: low-lower

Two-syllable adjectives ending in y: y–i + er

happy-happier  /  sleepy-sleepier

Most other longer adjectives: use more before the adjective

more + adjective + than

important-more important  /  beautiful-more beautiful

This TV show is more boring than the other one

A car can be more expensive than a house

This computer is more modern than that one

 

SUPERLATIVE

The superlative is used to highlight something or someone within a group. This highlight can be either positive or negative. Let’s structure it:

the + adjective + est

My piece of cake is the smallest

This building is the tallest in the city

 

Short one-syllable adjectives: +est

fast-fastest  /  old-oldest

Short adjectives ending in e: +st

nice-nicest  /  strange-strangest

Short adjectives ending in one vowel + one consonant: double the consonant +est

fat-fatest  /  thin-thinnest    *** don’t double w: low-lowest

Two-syllable adjectives ending in y: y–i + er

happy-happiest  /  sleepy-sleepiest

Most other longer adjectives: use the most before the adjective

the most + adjective

This program is the most complex I have ever seen

This is the most interesting magazine I have read

 

IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES

good – better – best

bad – worse – worst

far – further – furthest

 

She is better than me

He is the worst in our group

This is the furthest way to go there

Also learn from Captain English about Simple Past here.