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FUTURE

Future - a hand completing the phrase

There are two types of verbs in the future frequently used in English: Will and Be going to. Although similar, they are used in different situations.

 

WILL

The structure for using the verb in the future is very simple. Check the following table an example with the verb “work”:

AffirmativeNegative Interrogative
I will workI will not workWill I work?
You will workYou will not workWill you work?
He will workHe will not workWill he work?
She will workShe will not workWill she work?
It wiill workIt will not workWill it work?
We will workWe will not workWill we work?
You will workYou will not workWill we work?
They will workThey will not workWill they work?

 

In the affirmative form, use the auxiliary “will” before the verb in the infinitive without “to”. In the affirmative form it’s still possible to use the contracted form. Instead of “I will”, you can choose “I’ll”, “You will” by “You’ll” and so on.

In the negative form it is no different. Just add “not” after the auxiliary “will”. If you prefer, you can also use the contracted form in which “will not” becomes “won’t”.

For the interrogative form, the auxiliary “will” comes before the subject. Do not forget the question mark at the end of the sentence.

Notice that the rule is the same for all subjects, both singular and plural. In this case, there is no exception. Check some examples:

The future “will” is used for actions in the future in a general way:

Will you help me with my homework?

He will travel to London next winter. 

My brother won’t take the test. 

It’s also used for future actions that weren’t planned.

My cellphone broke. I will buy a new one. 

Jenny called. She won’t go to the party. 

 

You can answer questions in the future using short answers.

(Short Answers)

Affirmative

Short Answers)

Negative

Yes, I willNo, I won’t
Yes, he willNo, he won’t
Yes, she willNo, she won’t
Yes, it willNo, it won’t
Yes, we willNo, we won’t
Yes, you willNo, you won’t
Yes, they willNo, they won’t

 

GOING TO
The structure of the future “going to” uses the verb to be. To compare with the structure of the future “will”, we will also use the verb “work” as an example:

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I am going to workI am not going to workAm I going to work?
He is going to workHe is not going to workIs he going to work?
She is going to workShe is not going to workIs she going to work?
It is going to workIt is not going to workIs it going to work?
We are going to workWe are not going to workAre we going to work?
You are going to workYou are not going to workAre you going to work?
They are going to workThey are not going to workAre they going to work?

When we use the future “will” the structure is the same for all subjects, both singular and plural. In the case of the future “going to” it is necessary to use the right form of the verb to be (am, is, are).

In the affirmative form we have subject + verb to be + going to + verb in the infinitive without to. There is also the possibility of using the contracted form as I’m going to, She’s going to, They’re going to, and so on.

Changing the sentences into negative is also easy. Just add “not” after the verb to be. Here we can also use the contracted form of the verb to be (isn’t or aren’t).

Finally, in the interrogative structure, the verb to be comes before the subject. Now we’ll look at some examples of using the future “going to”:

The future “going to” is used to indicate actions planned in the future:

He is going to get married tomorrow.

Are you going to leave your job? 

She isn’t going to move to Orlando.

 

WILL OR GOING TO?

Predictions:

Going to: you can see the future in the present: you see things coming or starting.

Stop it! You are going to brake the window.

Will: you thing or believe things about the future.

Don’t buy this for him. He won’t like it.

Plans:

Going to: if you are planning or talking about plans, use Going to.

I’m going to study this weekend.

Decisions:

Will: You are making decisions.

“He is late”. “I will call him.”

Going to: Decisions have been made.

“You don’t look good”. “I know. I’m going to the doctor next week”.

 

Also learn from Captain English about Prepositions here.